Technical research paper outline

Writing a technical paper for submission to a Symposium can be a daunting task, frequently found in paper submittals is that little, if any, research was done by the tables and figures when they are shrunk down to fit in a two column format.
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The following guide contains tips on writing a research paper in Education. Customary Parts of an Education Research Paper There is no one right style or manner for writing an education paper. Contains the paper's title, the author's name, address, phone number, e-mail, and the day's date.

Abstract Not every education paper requires an abstract. However, for longer, more complex papers abstracts are particularly useful. Often only to words, the abstract generally provides a broad overview and is never more than a page. It describes the essence, the main theme of the paper. It includes the research question posed, its significance, the methodology, and the main results or findings. Footnotes or cited works are never listed in an abstract. Remember to take great care in composing the abstract. It's the first part of the paper the instructor reads.

It must impress with a strong content, good style, and general aesthetic appeal. Never write it hastily or carelessly. A good introduction states the main research problem and thesis argument. What precisely are you studying and why is it important? How original is it? Will it fill a gap in other studies? Never provide a lengthy justification for your topic before it has been explicitly stated. Indicate as soon as possible what you intend to do, and what you are not going to attempt.

You may limit the scope of your paper by any number of factors, for example, time, personnel, gender, age, geographic location, nationality, and so on. Discuss your research methodology. Did you employ qualitative or quantitative research methods? Did you administer a questionnaire or interview people? Any field research conducted? How did you collect data?

Layout and Length

Did you utilize other libraries or archives? And so on. Literature Review The research process uncovers what other writers have written about your topic. Your education paper should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. Once you provide the general and specific context of the existing knowledge, then you yourself can build on others' research. The guide Writing a Literature Review will be helpful here.

This is generally the longest part of the paper. It's where the author supports the thesis and builds the argument. It contains most of the citations and analysis. This section should focus on a rational development of the thesis with clear reasoning and solid argumentation at all points. A clear focus, avoiding meaningless digressions, provides the essential unity that characterizes a strong education paper. If a numbered, captioned figure appears in the middle or at the bottom of a page, it is harder for readers to find the next paragraph of text while reading, and harder to find the figure from a reference to it.

Avoid bitmaps, which are hard to read. Export figures from your drawing program in a vector graphics format.

How to write a technical paper

If you must use a bitmap which is only appropriate for screenshots of a tool , then produce them at very high resolution. Use the biggest-resolution screen you can, and magnify the portion you will capture. Don't waste text in the paper and tax the reader's patience regurgitating information that is expressed more precisely and concisely in a figure. For example, it should not repeat a number from a table or graph. Text in the paper should add insight or explanations, or at least summarize the data in the figure. Your code examples should either be real code, or should be close to real code.

Never use synthetic examples such as procedures or variables named foo or bar.

Writing a Research Paper

Made-up examples are much harder for readers to understand and to build intuition regarding. Furthermore, they give the reader the impression that your technique is not applicable in practice — you couldn't find any real examples to illustrate it, so you had to make something up. Any boldface or other highlighting should be used to indicate the most important parts of a text. Even if your IDE happens to do that, it isn't appropriate for a paper. For example, it would be acceptable to use boldface to indicate the names of procedures helping the reader find them , but not their return types.

Give each concept in your paper a descriptive name to make it more memorable to readers. If you can't think of a good name, then quite likely you don't really understand the concept. Think harder about it to determine its most important or salient features. It is better to name a technique or a paper section, etc. Use terms consistently and precisely. While elegant variation may be appropriate in poems, novels, and some essays, it is not acceptable in technical writing, where you should clearly define terms when they are first introduced, then use them consistently.

If you switch wording gratuitously, you will confuse the reader and muddle your point; the reader of a technical paper expects that use of a different term flags a different meaning, and will wonder what subtle difference you are trying to highlight. Choose the best word for the concept, and stick with it.

Research paper outline

Do not use a single term to refer to multiple concepts. This is a place that use of synonyms to distinguish concepts that are unrelated from the point of view of your paper is acceptable. When you present a list, be consistent in how you introduce each element, and either use special formatting to make them stand out or else state the size of the list. I am intelligent. Second, I am bright. Also, I am clever. Finally, I am brilliant.

First, I am intelligent. Third, I am clever. Fourth, I am brilliant. Some people worry that such consistency and repetition is pedantic or stilted, or it makes the writing hard to follow. There is no need for such concerns: none of these is the case. Choose good names not only for the concepts that you present in your paper, but for the document source file. Don't name the file after the conference to which you are submitting the paper might be rejected or the year. Even if the paper is accepted, such a name won't tell you what the paper is about when when you look over your files in later years.

Another benefit is that this will also lead you to think about the paper in terms of its content and contributions. Instead, use one of the standard terms fault, error, or failure. A fault is an underlying defect in a system, introduced by a human. A failure is a user-visible manifestation of the fault or defect.

Do not confuse relative and absolute measurements. You could report that your medicine's cure rate is.

I would avoid these terms entirely. Given the great ease of misunderstanding what a percentage means or what its denominator is, I try to avoid percentages and focus on fractions whenever possible, especially for base measurements.