Steps of writing a research paper

2: Do a preliminary search for information.
Table of contents

Your research has given you tons of great ideas. Now you have to organize them for your impressive presentation. You have to finalize your thesis and create a working outline that you plan to cover and that will serve you as a roadmap and keep you focused.

How to Write a Research Paper

You can use them as subheadings for the body of your paper. Look through your notes and organize the information under each sub-heading. Make sure you include only relevant information that fits under your sub-headings and directly supports your thesis. When writing an outline, you should keep in mind a typical research paper structure that commonly includes:. But if your research paper is not long, its format may include an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. In any case, you should follow specific guidelines provided by your instructor. This is the middle of the process.

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It forms their view on what exactly they should expect in your paper. You should list the keywords that present the topic of your paper, methods you used, and results that you achieved. Now create a sentence that includes all the keywords that you have listed and delete the unnecessary words. After that, you need to link the remaining ones. Finally, you have to delete non-essential info and organize the remaining words in the logical order. You can also include the subtitle. Make sure that your title is concise. Afterwards, you need to write an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

These are the main parts of your paper so let us provide you with some details on how to do it right. Start writing an intro. The introductory paragraph should begin with an attention grabber that may be:. Next, you need to provide the background information, explain your goals, and how you plan to approach your research paper topic. You should finish your introduction with your thesis statement or research question.

This section of your paper is not long so you are sure to finish it fast. Your outline will help you to complete this part of your paper. It may evolve and you are free to revise it and make changes. The key thing is to stay on your track and focus on your thesis.

You should provide your points and support your main idea. Start each body paragraph with a topic sentence and provide arguments and relevant evidence to support it. You should write as many body paragraphs as you have the key points. Most research papers end with restarting their thesis statements. Paraphrase it or summarize the key points of your paper. You may emphasize the significance of your findings as well. A good idea is to provide some recommendations based on the results of your investigation or suggest some directions for further research.

Your rough draft is ready. Wondering what to do next? Go on reading to find some tips on how to revise your research paper. No one can write their first draft perfectly. So, if you want to make a good impression on your professor and earn a high grade, you should revise your draft to make sure that your project is on point. Be ready that you may need to revise your project more than once because it is really worth doing.

You have to make large-scale changes and check the logic, flow, transitions, make changes in the structure and order of your paragraphs. You should make sure that all your ideas are fully developed and all the claims are supported by credible evidence. You may need to add some section headings. The next stage is editing. You have to check and eliminate filler words and phrases, improve word choice, and correct mistakes in punctuation and grammar if you find any.

Comparison essay outline template

You should look for:. You will need to re-read your paper several times. A good strategy is to read your paper backwards. Check the members of the editorial board and determine if they are leaders in their fields. How selective is the journal in accepting papers for publication? Note, however, these ratings can be artificially inflated in journals that publish review articles, which tend to be cited more than research articles.

See www. Try to find out the acceptance rate of the journal. Format : Do you like the appearance of published articles — the format, typeface, and style used in citing references? Figures : Do figures published in the journal have the resolution that you need? Most journals have a separate charge for color plates. Many journals will waive page charges if this presents a financial hardship for the author; color plate charges are less-readily waived and would at least require evidence that the color is essential to the presentation of the data e. This document describes the format for your article and provides information on how to submit your manuscript.

Stock the sections of your paper.


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This will save time and avoid frustration when the writing begins. Stored items might include figures, references, and ideas.

Five steps to writing strong research papers

Construct the tables, figures, and legends. The entire paper should be organized around the data you will present. You also may be able to determine if you have all the data you need.

Note: except under unusual circumstance, you may not include any data that you have already published. Outline the paper. An outline details how you will get from here to there, and helps ensure that you take the most direct and logical route. Do not start writing without it!

If you have coauthors, you may wish to get feedback from them before you proceed to the actual writing phase. Write the first draft. Write the first draft of the entire manuscript. If you are writing with coauthors, you may wish to assign different aspects of the manuscript to different authors. This can save time, allow more individuals to feel that are making substantive contributions to the writing process, and ensure the best use of expertise. However, it also can lead to a mixture of styles. Thus, if you take this approach, be certain that the final product is carefully edited to provide a single voice.

For a more extensive presentation of this and many other aspects of preparing a paper, see Day At this point, do not worry about it being intelligible. That comes later. This can help ensure flow. However, others suggest that you start wherever you wish — anything to get rid of that blank screen or piece of paper. If you are taking much more than two full days, you have probably paused to edit! Revise the manuscript. This step involves three major tasks, each to be carried out in the order given:.

Make major alterations : Fill in gaps, correct flaws in logic, restructure the document to present the material in the most logical order.

Polish the style : Refine the text, then correct grammar and spelling. It is important to do the tasks in the stated order. Otherwise, you may find yourself spending a lot of time revising material that you later delete. Check the references.

How to Write a Research Paper | A Beginner's Guide

Do one last literature search to make certain that you are up to date. Write the final title and abstract. Make certain that your title and abstract match the final version of your article. Reread the journal's Instructions to Authors. Review the details of how the manuscript is to be formatted and submitted. Revise where necessary. Prepare the final illustrations.

Do not allow any chance for misunderstanding.